This substance was first discovered in 1868 and described by French chemist, Jean-Baptiste Boussingault, in 1872 in course of studying rowanberries enzymes, which he described in details and named it sorbitol (‘rowanberry’ in French – lesorb, in Latin – Sorbusaucuparia L.). Later on sorbitol was found in small amounts in other berries and fruits. Its greatest amount is found in rowanberry and blackthorn berries (from 0.5 to 10%), as well as in hawthorn (4.7-7.6%) and cotoneaster (3.6-5.1%). Sorbitol is extracted from herbal raw material in process of chemical synthesis of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and some other products (starch, cellulose, fructose, sorbose) and is a sweet substance, instantly soluble in water.
This natural sweet substance has a great deal of benefits. As sorbitol is not a carbohydrate, it has practically no effect on blood glucose level. In persons with diabetes mellitus sorbitol is taken up better than glucose. Due to its ability to turn to fructose in human body this sugar substitute does not require insulin secretion for this process. In addition, it promotes glycogen accumulation in liver, rather than in muscle tissues, thus providing glucose supply to other tissues. Sorbitol also has antiketogenic activity and is of interest for administration by diabetics due to disposition of patients with diabetes mellitus to ketoacidosis.
In addition, sorbitol is very soluble in water and does not react to rise in temperature, what provided for its application in dietetic cookery. This substance can replace sugar in drinks (coffee, tea, stewed fruits, juice), confectionery and bakery, marmalade, jam and other dietary food products not only for diabetic, but also for healthy people completely.
Sorbitol also has positive effect on gastrointestinal tract functioning: it stimulates gastric juice secretion, has choleretic action, improving bile outflow and preventing its retention, provides slight laxative effect. It was found, that sorbitol consumption promotes growth of intestinal microflora, synthesizing vitamin B complex, such as thiamine, pyridoxine and biotin.
It is recommended as a sweetener for people with diabetes mellitus and those, controlling their weigh.
Recommended daily dose – not more than 15 g a day. Overdose may cause undesirable digestive disorders (diarrhea, vomiting, mild nausea, flatulence, altered defecation pattern), in rare cases allergic reactions are observed. As a rule, the above side effects go away without treatment, in rare cases dosage reduction is required.
Contraindications: pregnancy, children under 7; children in the age over 7 use the supplement as prescribed.
Form and Presentation: powder 250 g in a tube.
Not a medicine.
Manufacturer: Manufacturing and Trading Company Farmakom Ltd., Ukraine, Kharkiv.