Calcium Role in Human Body

Calcium and its compounds play one of the most important parts in body’s vital processes. This is the most important bioelement, which is necessary for normal state of bones, ligaments and blood clotting process. It plays key part in skeleton mineralization and forming, normalization of carbohydrate and sodium chloride metabolism, excitative and inhibitory processes, most enzyme systems functioning; it affects immunity, hemodynamics and microcirculation, participates in hormones formation and nervous system functioning etc. Calcium deficiency or its excess amount results in acid-base imbalance in the body.

Reasons for Calcium Deficiency

In human body calcium is accumulated and concentrated in bones approx. until the age of 20-30, then it is gradually expended; its stock and uptake in the body are decreased. Calcium metabolism regulation in men is more efficient than in women, that is why symptoms of calcium deficiency, as well as its excess, are registered in men more rarely than in women. The main reason for calcium deficiency is its insufficient consumption with food, deficiency of a number of vitamins, enhanced calcium elimination due to diuretics and laxatives intake, excess consumption of products, containing caffeine, intestinal malabsorption (dysbacteriosis, candidiasis, food allergies), sports activities (this element is actively evacuated with sweat), as well as some liver, gastric and pancreatic diseases. Women lose calcium during pregnancy and lactation. Intensive calcium loss occurs in premenopausal period and in perimenopausal age.

Symptoms of Calcium Deficiency in the Body:


What Products Contain Calcium?

To prevent negative calcium balance in senior age, calcium consumption in the amount of 800-1500 mg/day is necessary. Main sources of calcium are dairy (milk, cottage cheese, hard cheeses etc.), fishery products, hazelnut, cauliflower, laminaria, beans, and turnip greens. It is contained in products mainly in form of carbonates, phosphates, oxalates and other poorly soluble salts.

What Influences Calcium Uptake in the Body?

The processes of calcium uptake are affected by thermal processing of products and mineral metabolism balance. Availability of other elements, such as phosphor, magnesium, strontium, iodine is also necessary. For better calcium uptake in the body food products should also contain sufficient amount of proteins (meat, legumes), and especially vitamin D, which is contained in sea fish, eggs, cocoa, and cream in sufficient amount.

Elite Calcium range

(Vitaminca dietary supplements)

Elite Calcium dietary supplements include not only the best calcium complexes by the degree of their absorption in human body (calcium citrate, coral calcium, valves of mollusks), but also all the elements, including vitamin D3, which are necessary for its uptake, as well as for functioning of many body organs and systems, including skeletal system and for osteoporosis prevention.

Calcium citrate is a salt of organic (citric) acid with high bioavailability. During reaction of calcium citrate with gastric juice calcium ions are actively released and the remaining part of citric acid participates in energy formation. Due to its high bioavailability, calcium citrate is easily absorbed by the body irrespective of its age; it is not crystallized and does not lead to calculi formation.

Main function of vitamin D3 consists in calcium and phosphor metabolism in body. It is necessary for active absorption of these minerals from intestines and their fixing in bone tissue. Vitamin D3 also regulates amino acids level in blood.

Collagen is one of the most widespread proteins, present in the human body, which is an important structural element of connective tissue. In fact, it makes about 25% of all the proteins in the body. Tendons, bones, joints and cartilages, as well as teeth, bones, skin, hair and nails consist of connective tissue, which main component is collagen. Collagen is necessary for transformation of protein molecules into essential amino acids, such as alanine, glycine, histidine. These amino acids participate in metabolic processes in muscle and connective tissues. Amount of cross linkages in collagen molecule is increased with age, providing negative effect on its properties (its stability and elasticity are reduced), due to the fact the strength of cartilages, ligaments is reduced, bones brittleness and fragility is increased.

Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is an important participant of metabolic processes in muscles; it also strengthens tooth enamel, nail plate and connective tissue; it is one of the main substances in human diet, which is necessary for normal functioning of connective and bone tissue. This is one of the most active antioxidants, hampering excess lipids (fats) oxidation in cell membranes, thus preventing their damage, what in its turn delays development of numerous diseases and body premature ageing.

Lecitin plays an important part in unfolding physiological processes in the human body: it promotes absorption of fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K); it is one of the main components of liver and protects it from noxious effect of toxic substances, conservative agents, drugs, alcohol. In addition, lecithin is necessary for normal functioning of nerve cells, including for transmission of nervous impulses. Lecitin provides for normal lipid metabolism, providing for process of their digestion and decomposition; it prevents cirrhosis.

Chondroitin is a high molecular weight polysaccharide, preventing bone tissue destruction, relieving pain syndrome in joints, activating regeneration of connective and cartilage tissues. Chondroitin stimulates synthesis of hyaluronic acid, provides analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects; it provides for active regeneration of cartilage tissue and calcium fixation in bones. Chondroitin has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects; it relieves pain in joints and spine at rest and during walking. Regular chondroitin sulfate uptake reduces, and sometimes eliminates the necessity of NSAID intake completely.

Glucosamine has chondroprotective properties; it reduces glucosamines deficiency in body, participates in hyaluronic acid biosynthesis. It is the main structural material for connective tissue; it promotes regeneration of cartilage tissue and improves synovial liquid formation. Glucosamine provides analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects.

Biologically active compounds in burdock root (essential oil, inulin, fatty acids, sitosterol, stigmasterol etc.) act as connective tissue protectors due to hormone profile normalization; they participate in collagen synthesis, provide for hyaluronic acid level increase. Inulin has expressed anti-inflammatory properties.

Biologically active compounds in plantain improve functional state of joints, reduce inflammatory effects, puffiness; they activate blood circulation in the area of affected joint.

Marsh cinquefoil is the most popular plant, used in folk medicine for treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal apparatus. The plant contains a complex of biologically active substances, which provide for anti-inflammatory, analgesic, regenerating and antibacterial properties. If applied regularly, marsh cinquefoil restores connective tissue structure, increases its strength and elasticity, the composition of synovial liquid is restored, blood circulation in the area of inflamed joints is improved.

Phosphor plays a significant part in body’s vital activity, including bone tissue formation. It is contained in nervous tissue in significant amount and is necessary for normal nervous system functioning. Absorption of nutritious substances from intestines, metabolic processes, including fat utilization by the body, takes place with participation of phosphor.

Magnesium salts, contained in bone tissue, in line with calcium and phosphor, play an important part in human body and have great significance for normal cardiovascular and nervous systems functioning. Magnesium is of especial importance in senior age, as it promotes elimination of excess cholesterol from the body. In addition, magnesium relieves migraine episodes and helps coping with nervous strain, promotes proper rest. Magnesium deficiency in the body is manifested by various symptoms: unrest, anxiety, chronic tiredness, disturbances of sleep, memory impairment, hair loss intensification, nail fragility, dental caries, muscular cramps, cardiovascular disorders etc.



Ingredients: calcium citrate – 140 mg, collagen – 50 mg, vitamin C – 25 mg, lecithin – 25 mg, vitamin D3 – 0.0005 mg, excipients.







Additional complex calcium, collagen, lecithin, vitamins D3 and C intake provides:



Ingredients: calcium citrate – 140 mg, glucosamine – 100 mg, burdock root – 25 mg, marsh cinquefoil – 25 mg, plantain – 25 mg, chondroitin hydrochloride – 16.5 mg, vitamin D3 – 0.0005 mg, excipients.







Additional complex calcium, glucosamine, chondroitin, vitamin D3, biologically active compounds of burdock root and marsh cinquefoil intake provides:



Ingredients: calcium citrate – 140 mg, phosphor – 50 mg, magnesium oxide – 40 mg, vitamin D3 – 0.0005 mg, excipients.








Additional complex calcium, phosphor, magnesium and vitamin D3 intake provides:



Ingredients: coral calcium – 140 mg, vitamin C – 25 mg, calcium stearate – 10 mg, vitamin A – 0.03 mg, vitamin D3- 0.0005 mg, vitamin B6 – 0.6 mg, vitamin B12 – 0.0005 mg, excipients.







Additional complex calcium, vitamins A, D, C, vitamin B complex intake provides:



Ingredients: valves of mollusks – 115 mg, magnesium oxide – 40 mg, calcium citrate – 10 mg, calcium gluconate – 0.9 mg, zinc oxide – 1.25 mg, vitamin D – 0.0005 mg, excipients.







Additional complex calcium, magnesium, zinc and vitamin D3 intake provides:

Combination of the three important minerals – calcium, magnesium, and zinc with vitamin D3 promotes better uptake of each of these substances.

Method of Application of Elite Calcium dietary supplements: adults – 1 pill thrice a day after meals for one month, further the term of administration and the possibility of repeated course are to be agreed with a doctor.

Contraindications: individual sensitivity to certain components, diabetes mellitus.

Form and Presentation: pills 500 mg N90.

Not a medicine.

Manufacturer: Manufacturing and Trading Company Farmakom Ltd., Ukraine, Kharkiv.